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Freeze Up, Again

Got an interesting photo from one of our “fish squeezers” on the water already this spring. . . .

We do not have a large request for pike stocking in Nebraska waters this year, but we do have some.  So, that means crews venture forth as soon as the ice is out to set nets to capture spawning pike.  Only problem is, sometimes after those nets get set, it re-freezes.  That means someone has a lot of ice to chop!

Zac Brashears photo, thanks Zac!

If you are interested in that work, I blogged about the pike egg collections a couple of years ago, let me copy and paste some of that here:

In the past week or so, we have had field biologists and hatchery personnel from our Valentine State Fish Hatchery collecting northern pike for eggs and milt to produce pike for stocking Nebraska waters this year.  Those collections occurred on the Valentine National Wildlife Refuge and the pike spawn was in full swing this past week.  Our crew in a short time collected all the pike eggs we needed to meet our stocking requests this year.

Frame nets are very effective for capturing pike in the spring:


Pike spawn right after the ice is gone; in fact in a late spring they will begin spawning under the ice.  That means pike egg collections are usually done when it is cold.

Once the pike are collected, they are hauled in large hauling tanks back to the hatchery where eggs and milt can be collected in a little more comfort.  Accuse us of being lazy state workers, but we have discovered that collecting the eggs and milt in a sheltered facility results in higher fertilization rates and better production of baby northern pike.  After extracting eggs and milt, the adult pike are hauled back to the water body from which they were captured.


Let me comment on one thing in that photo:  You see the probe being held in the pan and the meter that probe is attached to.  I am betting that was a pH monitor, and yes, changes in pH also can make a big difference in fertilization rates.

The semen came from a bottle:


If you are still reading, I hope that last statement got your attention:  “Wait a minute, the male contribution to fertilization comes from a bottle???!!!!!”  Yep, that is what I said, the semen came from a bottle.  Milt was carefully collected from male pike and then placed in an “extender” solution that keeps the sperm alive and well.  Again fisheries biologists have discovered that we can get better fertilization by using “extended” semen.  That is probably because dilution of the milt gives us better distribution of semen to fertilize all the eggs in a pan.  After the milt is added, it is all carefully mixed together using the third primary feather from the right wing of a mature, male, Merriam’s turkey (another important detail for maximum fertilization, oh yes, the eggs have to be stirred in a clockwise direction).


I have to add that all of that is done in a pan that is as free of water as possible.  Again, I hope that gets your attention as we are spawning fish and trying to keep everything as dry as possible!?  The sperm is not activated until water is added.  By keeping everything as dry as possible, we can get the best distribution of sperm in a pan of eggs and then when water is added, we can achieve the highest fertilization rate possible.  It may not be rocket science, but it is science, fisheries science!

Eventually, the eggs are jarred up and placed on batteries where water is circulated through the jars until the eggs hatch.  Once hatched, most of the northern pike in Nebraska state fish hatcheries are trained to eat artificial food and then are grown to as large as 10-12 inches before they are stocked.

These last five photos were provided by the personnel at our Valentine State Fish Hatchery. Thank you guys, thank you Doug for sending those to me!

About daryl bauer

Daryl is a lifelong resident of Nebraska (except for a couple of years spent going to graduate school in South Dakota). He has been employed as a fisheries biologist for the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission for 25 years, and his current tour of duty is as the fisheries outreach program manager. Daryl loves to share his educational knowledge and is an avid multi-species angler. He holds more than 120 Nebraska Master Angler Awards for 14 different species and holds more than 30 In-Fisherman Master Angler Awards for eight different species. He loves to talk fishing and answer questions about fishing in Nebraska, be sure to check out his blog at outdoornebraska.org.

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