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State Record Update, Fall 2022

It has been quite a while since I gave an update on Nebraska state record fish.  The main reason for that is there has not been much activity.  There has been some however, so let me tell you about it.

Rod & Reel

The first was caught by rod & reel back in April.  I told you it had been a while.  The fish was a shorthead redhorse, a native species of sucker.  Adam Pavelka from Verdigre caught the fish.  Adam caught the redhorse on a jig and worm from the Missouri River in Knox County.  It weighed 3 pounds 8 ounces, and was 20 1/8 inches long.

StateRecordShortheadRedhorseRodReelMay2022

Adam’s redhorse beat the old record by 12 ounces; a fish caught in 2006.

Bowfishing

Back in May, Isaac Howser from Dodge, Nebraska was bowfishing at Fremont Lakes SRA when he arrowed a 63-pound bigmouth buffalo.  Isaac’s fish was 43 inches long.

StateRecordBigmouthBuffArcheryMay2022c

We have had some big buffalo taken by bowfishers over the years.  The previous record was 6 pounds lighter, and was taken at Johnson Reservoir five years ago.

Adam and Isaac, your state record certificates will be coming in the mail.  Sorry to take so long.

Down a Rabbit Hole

I had one other state record application cross my desk.  It was for another fish taken by archery, a gar.  By rule, state record fish have to be examined by a Nebraska fisheries biologist.  The primary reason for that is to verify the identity of the fish.  Initial field identification of the gar in question was shortnose gar, a very, VERY big shortnose gar.  A shortnose gar that was approaching three times larger than any shortnose gar ever recorded.

Once the fish made it to a fisheries biologist, there was still a question or two about its identity.  Proper identification of any fish depends on the whole fish, all of its characteristics.  There is a lot of variability in nature and some fish are well, just different, non-typical.  In the lab this fish keyed out to longnose gar in almost all characteristics.  There was one characteristic where it was borderline shortnose gar, but even in that characteristic it was much closer to a longnose gar.

I went to school with the lead author of The fishes of Nebraska.  When I have questions about fish identification, he is my “go to” guy.  I sent him photos and descriptions of this fish.  Almost immediately his response was longnose gar.  His expert opinion was enough for me.

But, that was not the end of it. . . . What about DNA?  Coincidentally, there was a similar fish recently arrowed by another Nebraska bowfisher down in Missouri.  The Missouri gar had had DNA analysis and the results were, well, cloudy.  My inquiry then set off a debate among several Missouri fish biologists about gar genetics.  Come to find out, there is more work that needs to be done on “mapping” gar genetics.  Right now, the DNA standards for gar have not been established and well, you cannot determine what DNA you are looking at unless you know what it is supposed to look like.

Oh, and if it is too big to be true, it probably ain’t, even if it might be a record.

About daryl bauer

Daryl is a lifelong resident of Nebraska (except for a couple of years spent going to graduate school in South Dakota). He has been employed as a fisheries biologist for the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission for 25 years, and his current tour of duty is as the fisheries outreach program manager. Daryl loves to share his educational knowledge and is an avid multi-species angler. He holds more than 120 Nebraska Master Angler Awards for 14 different species and holds more than 30 In-Fisherman Master Angler Awards for eight different species. He loves to talk fishing and answer questions about fishing in Nebraska, be sure to check out his blog at outdoornebraska.org.

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