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Why Not Jump At The Chance For Bullfrogs

It is a season that opens at 12:01 a.m. on Saturday, August 15th here in eastern Nebraska.

It is an unusual season, but one that just reeks of adventure, challenge and tremendous entertainment value. And, trust me, this is the season that will create memories and stories like no other!

No, it is not a hunting season.

IT is Nebraska’s bullfrog season.

Look at the size of this adult North American Bullfrog being held by your blogger. Photo by Jo Momsen/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

“Bullfrog season,” you’re saying, “really?”

Yep.

I know what you’re thinking at this point. Why would any sane, rational person trudge through marshy, backwater areas on a warm, muggy night, risk getting bitten on the legs by creatures that you can hardly see, and getting extremely muddy and slimy in the process. Why?

Stay with me here, please.

When it comes to catching bullfrogs, the more you know, the more you’ll understand why folks like me who participate in this outdoor activity are so darned passionate about it. That stated, here are the whys, wherefores and basics of catching bullfrogs in Nebraska.

Seriously, why go “bullfrogging?”

Simply put, the legs and other meat of bullfrogs are definitely worth the effort to catch them! Granted, most of the meat on a bullfrog is the hind legs but you can eat other parts, too! Don’t forget forget about those nice loin strips on the body, ardent “bullfroggers” will tell you those are better than the legs! Bullfrog meat and legs are nutritious, flavorful, tender, juicy, delicious, and no, they don’t taste like chicken! They are far better, far tastier!

Beyond the legs and other meat, attempting to catch bullfrogs is one-of-a-kind outdoor activity that allows individuals to fully experience nature, day or night!

Getting to spend those late hours under the stars and the moon, listening to insects a buzz over a pond or wetland, feeling a cool summer breeze, and perhaps acquiring some fresh, delicious wild fare for the dinner table, all make the work to catch bullfrogs very rewarding.

This time-honored, late-summer/early fall outdoor pursuit is also a wonderful way to introduce kids to an aquatic environment. Catching frogs is super exciting since kids can get real close to their quarry. The bullfrogs can be caught and released, if desired. After all, don’t most kids love to chase after and attempt to grab a big frog that is jumping and splashing around the water? Oh, yeah!

Young Emily Bauer of Lincoln, NE displays two bullfrogs she caught with fishing tackle. Photo courtesy of Daryl Bauer/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

Over the years, I have enjoyed trying to catch bullfrogs with friends and family members in late summer at night in Nebraska waters! In high school, I even took a couple dates out for after-dark bullfrog expeditions! Believe me, those dates were far cheaper than pizza and a movie! And, if you’re wondering, there were subsequent dates after the bullfrog jaunts.

Your blogger holding a pair of beautiful adult bullfrogs. Photo by Jo Momsen/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

The Regulations

Bullfrog hunting is really a misnomer here in the Cornhusker State.

Bullfrogs are aquatic creatures (amphibians) and you need to have a current, valid Nebraska fishing permit to attempt to take or take them.

It depends on where you are planning to pursue and capture bullfrogs for the cooker as to what set of particular regulations apply.

East of U.S. Hwy. 81, the season on taking bullfrogs runs from Aug. 15-Oct. 15.  A minimum length limit has been put on the bullfrogs. They have to be  4 1/2-inches long from snout to vent to be able to be kept. Only the entrails may be removed prior to transport. Additionally, there are limits on how many legal-sized bullfrogs one can have which are 8 in the daily bag and 16 in possession. Bullfrogs may by taken by hand, hand net or hook and line day or night and an artificial light can be used to harvest them.

West of U.S. Hwy. 81, the season on bullfrogs is a different story. It is open year-round and there is no minimum length limit. The daily bag and possession limits are the same as in the east zone, 8 and 16, respectively. Similar methods of harvest are allowed, however, archery and gigging are permitted in the west zone.

Research has been done on bullfrogs and bullfrog harvest in Nebraska for conservation purposes and the regulations (also found in the current Nebraska Fishing Guide publication) are in place to keep naturalized bullfrog populations healthy and renewable in the east. Specifically, the season and limits are in place in the eastern portion of the state to allow bullfrogs to reach maturity and reproduce at least once or twice before they are harvested.

In the western two-thirds of Nebraska, the regulations are more liberal to allow additional harvest on the bullfrogs since they are competing with native frogs (e.g. leopard frogs) in identical aquatic habitats. Bullfrogs, which were introduced to Nebraska long ago (see below), have been implicated in the extirpations of  native reptiles and amphibians. As a result, bullfrogs are considered invasive in biological circles.

The Equipment

The items needed for bullfrogging are pretty basic: T-shirt (camouflage or earth tone color patterns are preferred), swim trunks or old pair of shorts, water shoes, Crocs, river sandals or old pair of tennis shoes, large mesh or burlap bag that can be cinched, dip net or fishing tackle (optional) and fishing lures that float, powerful hand-held flashlight, head lamp or ball cap lights, and insect repellent.

Please remember to prevent the spread of  invasive species by cleaning your equipment before you bring it in to or out of an aquatic habitat location. Remove seeds and other living material. This can include your clothing and footwear, your nets, boats, bags used to carry the frogs, etc.

The Location and the Times

The largest frog in Nebraska, the American or North American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus), is found in many aquatic habitats statewide. Nearly all publicly-accessible waters are open to catching bullfrogs. The bullfrog is almost always hanging out near some source of water such as a lake, pond, reservoir, river or marsh. Warm, still, shallow waters with a lot of aquatic cover, vegetation and algae favor bullfrogs by providing suitable habitats for their food, growth, reproduction and escape from predators.

Look for areas with cattails, willows and young cottonwoods. They are most active at dawn, dusk and nighttime in these areas. They like to move during warm, humid, somewhat rainy evenings. Listen for the male bullfrog’s unique call which is deep, loud and unmistakable. It is a distinctive low-toned baritone-like call, (sounds like a low “Ru-u-umm – Ru-u-umm”). This call can be heard up to a 1/4 mile away from a given location.

Your blogger searches for bullfrogs amid shallow cattail cover. Photo by Katie Stacey/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

The Tactics

The North American Bullfrog is an aquatic game species that demands craftiness, stealth and absolute quiet to nab, but one that is not dangerous and doesn’t stink when handled.

An effective method to catch a bunch of bullfrogs is to move slowly shining shorelines with a good flashlight after dark.

Your blogger seeks bullfrogs along the edge of an Elkhorn River backwater just after sunset. Photo by T. Andre Shousha of Waterloo, NE.

Locate the frogs on land, keep the light directly on them so they’ll freeze in position, and then ease in close enough to catch them with a net or even by hand.  Be careful and try to approach low from the blind spot of the bullfrog located in the center of the back of its head. When you commit to catching one, pounce on the frog quickly and firmly grip it. Hold the bullfrog by grasping it around the “upper thighs” with its legs together. Keep in mind that bullfrogs can easily slip out of hands due to their mucus and strong hind legs!

I demonstrate the proper way to hold/handle a bullfrog. Photo by Jo Momsen/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

The Cleaning of the Frog

Once at home, the appropriate way to clean a bullfrog is to first dispatch it quickly and humanely. The next step involves cutting the skin around the back and the belly with a sharp knife. Following that, skin the the legs with a pair of pliers. Then, cut the legs from the torso and trim off the toes. A pair of poultry shears (or game shears) comes in handy for dressing bullfrogs.

The Cooking of the Frog Legs and Meat

The consistency of bullfrog legs and meat is best described as a cross between sweet chicken-wing meat, and flaky white fish. They have no fat on them. The biggest challenge with cooking frog legs/meat is the same one that’s common to most seafood preparations, namely overcooking. There a several different ways to cook frog legs/meat after washing them off with cold water. Some folks simmer them in white wine, olive oil and garlic. Here’s one of my favorite recipes.

FABULOUS FRIED FROG LEGS AND MEAT

Sprinkle frog legs and meat with lemon pepper, pepper and lemon juice. Dip in favorite breading or cracker crumb/egg mixture. Chill 1 hour. Saute in butter until brown, or fry in very hot canola oil for 3 minutes. Do not overcook. Allow 1/2 pound per person. Savor every bite! 

Golden brown, fabulous fried bullfrog legs/meat. Photo by Greg Wagner/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

Have fun bullfroggin’!

A bullfrog in the water. Photo by Daryl Bauer/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.

Close up, top view of a bullfrog’s head area. Photo by Jeff Kurrus/NEBRASKAland Magazine/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.
Did you know?

  • The male and female bullfrogs are distinguished by the size of the external eardrum (tympanum) . The female’s eardrum is approximately the size of the eye, while the male’s is much larger than the eye. Male bullfrogs also have larger thumbs than the females do.
  • Bullfrogs can leap as far as two meters (6 feet), or ten times their body length.
  • Bullfrogs are voracious predators; they will eat anything that does not eat them first. “Much of the time bullfrogs just sit motionless on the shoreline or in shallow water on the lookout for predators, but also watching for something they can eat. They will eat dragonflies and other insects, as well as other small frogs, crayfish and anything else that moves,” points out  Daryl Bauer of the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission’s Fisheries Division.
  • Historically, it is thought that originally a few groups of bullfrogs were bought to the extreme southeastern corner of Nebraska by early French fur traders as food stock and the frog became established. Later (1900-1940) bullfrogs were introduced across the entire state and the western U.S. with fish stocking and for the farming of the frogs as food.
  • Scientists at UN-L’s School of Natural Resources say prevention is probably the best and most effective measure to combat the expansion of bullfrogs into the native environment. That means don’t bring bullfrogs to your pond.
  • A group of frogs is called an army.
  • Amphibians, such as bullfrogs, are an indicator species of a clean environment.
  • Bullfrogs are the only game species of amphibian in Nebraska.

About greg wagner

A native of Gretna, NE, a graduate of Gretna High School and Bellevue University, Greg Wagner currently serves as the Public Information Officer and Manager for the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission's Service Center in Omaha. On a weekly basis, Wagner can be heard on a number of radio stations, seen on local television in Omaha, and on social media channels, creatively conveying natural resource conservation messages as well as promoting outdoor activities and destinations in Nebraska. Wagner, whose career at Game and Parks began in 1979, walks, talks, lives, breathes and blogs about Nebraska’s outdoors. He grew up in rural Gretna, building forts in the woods, hunting, fishing, collecting leaves, and generally thriving on constant outdoor activity. One of the primary goals of his blog is to get people, especially young ones, to have fun and spend time outside!

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